Tarangire National Park lies 118 km southwest of Arusha town and covers an area of 2,850 square kilometers. The name of the park originates from the Tarangire river that crosses through the park, being the only source of water for wild animals during dry seasons. 

The Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania after Ruaha, Serengeti, Mikumi, Katavi and Mkomazi. The landscape is composed of scattered baobab trees alternating with open acacia woodlands, open bush, plains, swamps, rivers and palm trees.

The park is famous for its huge number of elephants, baobab trees and its tree climbing pythons. Visitors to the park can expect to see any number of resident zebra and wildebeest in addition to the less common animals. Other common animals include waterbuck, giraffe, and olive baboons.

Home to more than 550 species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts who can expect so see dozens of species even in the dry season. The swamps are the focus of the largest selection of breeding birds anywhere in the world. Yellow-collared Lovebirds are a common bird sighting in the trees along the Tarangire River. The park is also famous for the termite mounds that dot the landscape. Those that have been abandoned are often seen to be home to dwarf mongoose.

Tarangire National Park can be reached via paved road from Arusha in under four hours. Lake Manyara National Park is only a 70 kilometers (43 mile) drive from Tarangire. One can visit the park all year round but the month of June to September are the driest months and wildlife population decreases. Besides game viewing other activities include Guided walking safaris, day trips to Maasai and Barabaig villages, as well as to the hundreds of ancient rock paintings in the vicinity of Kolo on the Dodoma Road.